Robert's Rules of Order Revised

by General Henry M. Robert

1915 Version, Public Domain

[Editor's Note: The copyright on the original 1915 version has expired. However, the modifications and enhancements to this work are Copyright 1996 Constitution Society. Permission is hereby granted to any person to copy and use this material on a non-profit basis with attribution, and in particular, with the retention of links to the site of the Constitution Society or its successors on the World Wide Web. One of the modifications made to the original document is the substitution for page numbers of section and paragraph numbers, using the format mm:nn, where mm is the section number and nn the paragraph number. Footnotes have been numbered and moved to the end of sections. The Order of Precedence of Motions and the Table of Rules Relating to Motions have also been reformatted and revised to adapt them to the needs of an online document.]

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Table of Contents

Order of Precedence of Motions. (OPM)
Table of Rules Relating to Motions. (TRM)
Preface. (PRE)
Introduction. (INT)
Parliamentary Law (PAR)
Plan of the Work (WRK)
Definitions (DEF)
Part I.- Rules of Order.
Art. I.- How Business is Conducted in Deliberative Assemblies.
1. Introduction of Business
2. What Precedes Debate
3. Obtaining the Floor
4. Motions and Resolutions
5. Seconding Motions
6. Stating the Question
7. Debate
8. Secondary Motions
9. Putting the Question and Announcing the Vote
10. Proper Motions to Use to Accomplish Certain Objects
Art. II.- General Classification of Motions.
11. Main or Principal Motions
12. Subsidiary Motions
13. Incidental Motions
14. Privileged Motions
15. Some Main and Unclassified Motions
Art. III.- Privileged Motions.
16. Fix the Time to which the Assembly shall Adjourn
17. Adjourn
18. Take a Recess
19. Questions of Privilege
20. General and Special Orders and a Call for the Orders of the Day
Art. IV.- Incidental Motions.
21. Questions of Order and Appeal
22. Suspension of the Rules
23. Objection to the Consideration of a Question
24. Division of a Question, and Consideration by Paragraph or Seriatim
25. Division of the Assembly, and Motions relating to Methods of Voting, or to Closing or Reopening the Polls
26. Motions relating to Methods of Making, or to Closing or to Reopening Nominations
27. Requests growing out of Business Pending or that has just been pending, as, a Parliamentary Inquiry, a Request for Information, for Leave to Withdraw a Motion to Read Papers, to be Excused from a Duty, or for any other Privilege
Art. V.- Subsidiary Motions.
28. Lay on the Table
29. The Previous Question
30. Limit or Extend Limits of Debate
31. Postpone Definitely, or to a Certain Time
32. Commit or Refer, or Recommit
33. Amend
34. Postpone Indefinitely
Art. VI.- Some Main and Unclassified Motions.
35. Take from the Table
36. Reconsider
37. Rescind
38. Renewal of a Motion
39. Ratify
40. Dilatory, Absurd, or Frivolous Motions
41. Call of the House
Art. VII.- Debate.
42. Debate
43. Decorum in Debate
44. Closing and Preventing Debate
45. Principles of Debate and Undebatable Motions
Art. VIII.- Vote.
46. Voting
47. Votes that are Null and Void even if Unanimous
48. Motions requiring more than a Majority Vote
Art. IX.- Committees and Boards.
49. Committees Classified
50. Boards of Managers, etc., and Executive Committees
51. Ex-Officio Members of Boards and Committees
52. Committees, Special and Standing
53. Reception of Reports
54. Adoption or Acceptance of Reports
55. Committee of the Whole
56. As if in Committee of the Whole
57. Informal Consideration
Art. X.- The Officers and the Minutes.
58. Chairman or President
59. Secretary or Clerk
60. The Minutes
61. Executive Secretary
62. Treasurer
Art. XI.- Miscellaneous.
63. Session
64. Quorum
65. Order of Business
66. Nominations and Elections
67. Constitutions, By-laws, Rules of Order, and Standing Rules
68. Amendments of Constitutions, By-laws, and Rules of Order
Part II.- Organization, Meetings, and Legal Rights of Assemblies.
Art. XII.- Organization and Meetings.
69. An Occasional or Mass Meeting
(a) Organization
(b) Adoption of Resolutions
(c) Committee to draft Resolutions
(d) Semi-Permanent Mass Meeting
70. A Permanent Society.
(a) First Meeting
(b) Second Meeting
(c) Regular Meeting
71. Meeting of a Convention.
(a) An Organized Convention
(b) A Convention not yet Organized
Art. XIII.- Legal Rights of Assemblies and Trial of Their Members.
72. Right of an Assembly to Punish its Members
73. Right of an Assembly to Eject any one from its Place of Meeting
74. Rights of Ecclesiastical Tribunals
75. Trial of Members of Societies
Plan for Study of Parliamentary Law. (PLN)
Lesson Outlines (LES)
Index (NDX)
Home  References
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Maintained: Jon Roland of the Constitution Society
Original date: 1996 September 3  Updated: 2004 January 9

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